"30 November 1947: The 'War of Independence' 1948 Arab-Israeli War Begins" by Scott Lyons

The 1948 Arab-Israeli War, also known as the War of Independence, was a deadly conflict that followed the civil war in Mandatory Palestine. Israel marks 30 November 1947 as the beginning of the War when 7 Israeli Jews as bus passengers were killed in an attack by Arabs. This marked the beginning of a long-standing conflict between the Arab states and the newly formed state of Israel. The war started as a six-month civil conflict between Jewish and Arab militias, which eventually turned into a full-scale war after several Arab armies intervened. The war resulted in the establishment of a set of agreements called the 1949 Armistice Agreements, which established the armistice lines between Israel and its neighbors, also known as the Green Line. This war marked the second and final stage of the 1948 Palestine War and, from the very beginning, it was characterized by intense hostility between the Arab and Jewish populations. The conflict formally began following the end of the British…

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Abbottabad, Pakistan, 2 May 2011: Osama bin Laden eliminated by U.S. Navy SEAL Team 6 and Robert O'Neill

Left: The compound in Pakistan where Osama bin Laden was found and eliminated by U.S. Navy SEAL Team 6. On May 2, 2011, a decisive moment in the global war on terrorism took place when the infamous terrorist leader, Osama bin Laden, was hunted down and eliminated by the elite United States Navy SEAL Team Six. Osama bin Laden, the diabolical mastermind behind the deadly September 11, 2001, attacks on American soil and destruction of New York City's Twin Towers, was the founder and first leader of the notorious Islamist militant group, al-Qaeda. The high-stakes operation to capture or kill bin Laden was conducted in Abbottabad, Pakistan, where he had been living in an expansive, fortified compound less than a mile from the Pakistan Military Academy. After more than a decade of diligent intelligence gathering, United States President Barack Obama authorized the daring raid, which would forever change the course of history. In the dead of night, two stealth-laden Black Hawk helicopters,…

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Kunar Province, Afghanistan, June 2005. Operation Red Wings and the history behind Lone Survivor

Left: United States Navy file photo of Navy SEALs operating in Afghanistan in support of Operation Enduring Freedom. From left to right, Sonar Technician (Surface) 2nd Class Matthew G. Axelson, of Cupertino, Calif; Senior Chief Information Systems Technician Daniel R. Healy, of Exeter, N.H.; Quartermaster 2nd Class James Suh, of Deerfield Beach, Fla.; Hospital Corpsman 2nd Class Marcus Luttrell; Machinist’s Mate 2nd Class Shane Patton, of Boulder City, Nev.; and Lt. Michael P. Murphy, of Patchogue, N.Y. With the exception of Luttrell, all were killed June 28, 2005, by enemy forces while supporting Operation Red Wings. Operation Red Wings, also known as the Battle of Abbas Ghar, was a pivotal and tragic military engagement in the ongoing war against terrorism. The true story behind Lone Survivor, a bestselling book and Hollywood film, is one of heroism, sacrifice, and survival in the face of tremendous adversity. The operation, which took place in June 2005, aimed to disrupt the…

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Book review: Black Hawk Down: A Story of Modern War

Black Hawk Down: A Story of Modern War first published in 1999, is a riveting and harrowing account of the Battle of Mogadishu, which took place in Somalia in October 1993. This book was written by Mark Bowden and based on years of exhaustive research and interviews conducted with the participants of this tumultuous event. In Black Hawk Down, Bowden brings to life the chaos, confusion, heroism and tragedy that occurred during this intense battle. The story begins with the U.S. Army's mission to capture two top lieutenants of Somali warlord Mohammed Farrah Aidid. The American forces deployed into Mogadishu consisted mostly of elite soldiers from Delta Force and Rangers who were incredibly well-trained and experienced combatants. Bowden does an excellent job in detailing the strategy behind their mission as well as describing each man's individual contributions to its success or failure. But what starts out as a seemingly simple mission quickly turns into an intense urban combat…

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U.S. Involved Armed Conflicts

Gulf War: Desert Shield ( August 1990 – 17 January 1991)

Gulf War: Desert Storm (17 January 1991 – 28 February 1991)

First Intervention in the Somali Civil War: 1992–1995

Bosnian War: 1992–1995

Kosovo War: 1998–1999

War in Afghanistan: 2001-2021

Iraq War: 2003–2011

American intervention in the War in North-West Pakistan: 2004–2018

Second U.S. Intervention in the Somali Civil War: 2007–present

Operation Ocean Shield: 2009–2016

International intervention in Libya: 2011

Operation Observant Compass: 2011–2017

American-led intervention in Iraq: 2014–2021

American-led intervention in Syria: 2014–present

American intervention in Libya: 2015–2019

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